Brain Coral (Diploria labyrinthiformis)

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Subclass: Hexacoralla
Order: Scleractinia
Suborder: Faviina
Family: Faviidae
Genus: Diploria
Species: D. labyrinthiformis

Appearance: Brain coral is usually a spheroid shape and has grooved surfaces. These
Grooved surfaces greatly resemble an animal brain.

What are they?: When first looked at coral may seem like one big rock like animal, but it is
actually made up of many genetically identical polyps that release hard, stony calcium carbonate.
The hard exoskeleton is used for protection against many fish and for harsh storm conditions.

Life span: Brain coral can live up to about nine hundred years.

Size: They can grow up to about 6 feet high.

Nutrition: Brain coral is heterotrophic and must obtain energy from other organisms. At night, Brain coral
extend their tentacles to catch small drifting animals. They also are able to obtain energy from the algae that live
inside of their tissues. Watch Brain Coral Feed Here

Where do they live?: Brain coral, and coral in general, live in warm shallow waters. many coral live off the coast of
australia. This big are of coral is known as the great barrier reef. There are about 133,000 acres of coral in the
great barrier reef.

Reproduction: Brain coral is hermaphaditic. It reproduces by brooding which involved internal fertilization of
the egg by the sperm within the polyp, and then the release of fertilized larvae. Once these polyps have
settled after two or three days, they begin to reproduce asexually, by budding.

brain2.jpgUpclose picture of polyps and tentacles.great_barrier_reef_cruise_tour.jpgGreat Barrier Reef